In Québec, the following molluscs are farmed: the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus), softshell clam (Mya arenaria) and Atlantic oyster (Crassostrea virginica). In 2009, 522 tonnes of mussels and 30 tonnes of other mussels were sold (MAPAQ, 2011).
Merinov conducts work primarily on the following species:
Crustaceans are invertebrates whose bodies are segmented and covered by an exoskeleton (external skeleton, carapace). They are animals that have to moult to grow and are characterised by the presence of 10 legs and two pair of antenna. They are marine organisms that vary greatly in size from krill to lobster.
Merinov conducts work on the lobster (Homarus americanus) primarily for seeding purposes.
Pelagic fish live in the water column between the surface and the seabed, which sets them apart from groundfish.
Merinov conducts work primarily on the lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in Grande-Rivière.
|Algae (Ex. Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus ssp, Palmaria palmata et Saccharina longicruris)
A host of processed products contain macroalgae; they include paint, paper, electrodes, toothpaste, pharmaceutical products, cosmetics, fertilisers, clothing, prepared foods, etc. Algae are considered heath foods that are rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals. They can be harvested or farmed. It is estimated that 8% of the world alga production is harvested while 92% is cultured. In Québec, all the algae used to date are wild sourced, harvested at low tide on the foreshore or in the case of floating algae, gathered after they've drifted onto beaches.
Merinov conducts a range of experimental projects on alga culture and the valorisation of farmed alga extracts. These projects involve industrialists and mussel farmers.
Working jointly with the phycology lab at Université Laval, the Centre d'étude de valorisation des algues marines du Québec (CÉVAM) has been set up to support development in this area of activity.
Typical project conducted by MerinovInformation sheet-Aquaculture project (French)